History - Introduction

NCC - History - Required Standards and SLOs (Download)

NCC - History - Suggested Guidelines (Download)  

History – Grade 6-8 Curriculum



History is the study of the past. The significant events, people, and changes of the past can only be understood when viewed within the larger context in which they existed. History is studied using a variety of perspectives, e.g., political, religious, social, cultural, economic, and technological.

The discipline of history requires sophisticated use of information, evidence, and argumentation; the ability to identify, and explain continuity and change over time.  The value of history depends upon the chronological presentation of events. It is only through a chronological survey that students can begin to understand the processes of social, political, and cultural change, which is one of the principal purposes of studying history.


The study of history is a broad and meticulous approach to the question of who we are as individuals and as members of a community. History teaches us what is distinctive about a particular land and people. The aim of teaching history is to encourage students to understand that multiple developments from material to human agency contribute to creating new events, institutions, and movements.

The purpose of teaching history through chronologically sequenced events is not merely to inform students about the time, cause, and effect of events. There are underlying themes within each chronological timeline, to enable students to draw comparisons and make connections with different events.

The National Curriculum of Pakistan History for secondary grades (6-8) offers a smooth transition from primary grades (4-5) and prepares them for higher secondary grades (9-10). The curriculum is designed to enable students to further develop their foundational knowledge and skills about their national, regional, Islamic, and global history.

The curriculum of history has been divided into different periods in each book, with carefully selected events from national, regional, Islamic, and global history. This arrangement will give a world view of historical events occurring in different parts of the world at a particular point in history.



Following is the breakdown of the required TOPICS/ UNITS for NCP History.

Grade 6 (9000 BCE- 600 CE)

Grade 7 (600 CE- 1800 CE)

Grade 8 (1803 CE- To date)

  1. Ancient Civilizations (Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Indus, and Chinese – in depth focus on any two).


  1. Persian, Greek, Roman civilizations


  1. Aryans, Kushans, Guptas,


  1. Rise of Islamic Civilisation
  1. Middle Ages in Europe (500-1500)


  1. Spread of Islam in Europe and Asia (Umayyads and Abbasids)


  1. Muslim Dynasties (Seljuc, Ayyubid, Fatimid, Safavid, Ottoman) and Crusades


  1. Muslims in South Asia (Delhi Sultanate, Mughal Empire)


  1. Modern period in Europe (Renaissance and Enlightenment)
  1. Arrival of the British in Subcontinent


  1. Reform Movements in India


  1. World Wars I & II


  1. Political Awakening in India


  1. Pakistan a new Country: 1947 till today